Timothy is a relatively short-lived perennial, cool-season, introduced bunchgrass that grows in erect stools. It has a shallow, compact, and ﬁbrous root system which thrives best on rich, moist bottomlands and on ﬁner textured soils such as clay loams. It does not do well on coarser soils. Timothy is palatable, nutritious, and primarily used for hay but also makes good pasture and silage. It has adapted to a cool and humid climate and is distributed throughout the entire United States.